Current laws and tips for PMD riders

Helmets and lights
  • Always wear a helmet, with the straps fastened properly.
  • You may be fined if not wearing a helmet, same as the rules for bicycles.
  • Your PMD must have a working flashing or steady white light on the front, and a red light and reflector at the rear when travelling at night or in hazardous conditions.
Where to ride
  • Ride on the footpath, keeping to the left where possible.
  • Always keep a safe following distance from other path users, such as bicycle riders and pedestrians and be courteous when passing. Alert other path users to your presence and ensure there is no oncoming traffic. Slow down, if required and pass at a safe speed, allowing plenty of space. Take particular care around families with children or pets, and the elderly or path users with a disability.
  • PMDs can also use shared paths. If designated, the rider should use the bike side of the path rather than the pedestrian side and follow the same guidelines outlined above.
  • Dedicated bike paths, like the Veloway 1 in Brisbane’s South, can also be used by PMDs. The maximum speed for PMDs on bike paths is still 25km/h.
  • Stay out of bike lanes on roads, unless it’s a physically separated pathway, such as the CityLink cycleway in the Brisbane CBD. Stick to footpaths, bike paths or shared paths instead.
  • PMDs can also use on-road cycleways, where they are separated from the road by physical devices. The CityLink Cycleway through the Brisbane CBD is an example.
  • Avoid riding on main or CBD roads (for example Brisbane city), unless you are crossing a road at a designated crossing.
  • You can ride on local streets, where it is safe to do so, but you must keep as far to the left side of the road as practicable. A local street is a road with a speed limit of 50km/h or less with no road markings. This excludes lower limit CBD streets.
  • Park your PMD out of pathways, upright (not laying down) where they won’t be a hazard for other path users.
  • Ride solo – passengers are not allowed on PMDs as they are built for one person only at a time. It’s against the law to carry another person, no matter how small, including children.
  • It is also dangerous to tow anything using a PMDs, such as children’s carriages often towed by bicycles.
  • PMDs must travel no faster than 25km/h. Any speed higher than this is illegal, and you could be fined.
  • Be aware that while the hire e-scooters are speed limited, some private e-scooters are not.
  • A safe speed for the circumstances (depending on other path users, such as pedestrians) may be far less than 25km/h. It is a limit, not a target.
Using mobile phones
  • It is illegal to use your mobile phone while riding a PMD. Leave your phone alone when riding, for your safety and pedestrians around you. Fines apply.
  • Don’t drink and ride. it is illegal to ride whilst intoxicated (drugs or alcohol), and extremely dangerous.
  • Alcohol is involved in almost one-third of people seriously injured while riding e-scooters1.
Risky behaviour – not giving way
  • Always give way to pedestrians and share the path.
  • Travel at a safe speed, and a safe distance from pedestrians. Ducking and weaving close to other path users is not safe for you or the other path users. Use a bell to alert other path users of your presence if space is limited, and slow down.
Riding two abreast & towing

Just like bicycle riders, you may ride alongside one other person or vehicle travelling on a road in the same direction. However, you must not cause a traffic hazard by moving into the path of a driver or unreasonably obstruct the path of any other road user. You must give way to pedestrians and stay to the left.

You must not:

  • be towed by another vehicle
  • hold on to the back of another vehicle
  • ride within 2m of the rear of a moving motor vehicle continuously for more than 200m.
Children and under 16s
  • PMDs must not be used by children 11 years and under. They are designed for riders at least 16 years of age, or 12-15 years, with adult supervision.

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